Makar Sankranti is the Indian festival celebrated in many parts of the country. In India, all the festivals has some spiritual significance and some history behind it. Today we will be discussing some of the common information about Makar Sankranti.

Makar Sankranti is India’s major festival. This day, sun moves from Tropic of Capricorn(Dakhshinayan) to Tropic of Cancer(Uttarayana). Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different states of nation with different names. In Tamil Nadu it is called Pongal.

In Assam it is celebrated as Magh Bihu and Bhogal Bihu. In states of Punjab and Haryana it is celebrated as Lohri festival. In Uttar Pradesh it is celebrated as Khichdi or Donation festival. In Bihar it is known as Til Sankranti or Khichdi festival.

Spiritual significance for Makar Sankranti:-

Worship in Makar Sankranti
Worship in Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti and religious beliefs: The way Makar Sankranti is celebrated in every state of India with faith and joy, it can be guessed that the festival has some religious beliefs. This festival is mentioned in many of our religious text which enlighten about the festival’s religious significance. The religious scripture, “BhagwadGita” which is known as the voice of Lord Krishna, illustrates that six months of Uttarayan is the day time of deity.

And, the 6 months of Dakhshinayan is the night for Gods. It is believed that person who sacrifices his body(dies) in Uttarayan get a position in ‘Krishna Lok’. That person gets liberation, whereas, the one who dies in Dakhshinayan, has to be reborn.

Beliefs for Makar Sankranti-

There are certain historical events and incidents, that marks this very day as the important one. Let us discuss some of  its beliefs.

Legend for Makar Sankranti
Legend for Makar Sankranti

In the era of Mahabharata, Bhishma Pithama had a blessing of wish death. Although lying on the bed of arrows, he did not sacrifice his life in the Dakhsinayan, and waited for the Sun to go in Uttarayan. It is believed that on the day of Makar Sankranti, when sun entered in the Uttarayan, Bhishma Pithama, discarded his body.

In the case of Makar Sankranti, there is one more religious story which states that, Yashoda Mata kept fast to have Lord Krishna as her son. The story of Gangawatran is also linked with Makar Sankranti. It is said that on the day of Makar Sankranti, Ganga followed Bhagirath Muni and met the ocean. Conjunction of Ganga and ocean is the reason behind crowd of devotees taking bath in Ganagasagar on Makar Sankranti.

Makar Sankranti: The festival of blessings

Makar Sankranti can be said as the festival of blessing.

Food items for Makar Sankranti
Food items for Makar Sankranti

From the day of Makar Sankranti, the sun enters in Uttarayan resulting in long days. Married women pray to Sun God for long life of their husbands and give gifts to their elders, in return take blessing that the way days are getting longer, similarly, the life of their husbands also keep increasing.

Makar Sankranti holds special significance as on this day the solar calendar measures the day and night to be of equal durations on this day. From this day onwards, the days become longer and warmer. It is the day when people of northern hemisphere, the northward path of the sun marks the period when the sun is getting closer to them.
All these facts and beliefs makes the people eager to celebrate the festival. Afterall, in India festivals are the sign of happiness and prosperity. Celebrate these festivals with ease and stay happy!
This year the festival will be on January, 2016 which is on Friday.

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